Back to Cadet Corps Database #1-100

#17 Cadet Corps

Name - Upper Canada College Rifles Cadet Corps

Location  Toronto, ON

Formed  Oct 22, 1886               Disbanded  April 15, 1988
B Coy     Jan 10, 1914                                      unknown

Commanding Officers/Chief Instructors-  

unknown (1886-1949)

 

Maj E.J. Mallett (1950) biography

(photo)

unknown (1951-77)

 

Capt Walter F. Belfontaine, CD (1978-82) biography

Capt John Stephens (1982-85) biography

(photo)

Capt Geoffrey Winnington-Ball (1985-87) biography

(photo)

Senior Cadets

C/Capt F. F. Hunter (1893-94) (photo)
C/Capt H. F. Gooderham (1894-95)  (photo)
C/Capt W. O. Watson (1895-96)  (photo)
C/Capt H. R. Roaf (1896-97) (photo)
C/Lieut J. D. Cochrane (1898-99) (photo)
C/Lieut T. M. Dunn (1899-1900) (photo)
C/Lieut H. M. Peacock (1900-01) (photo)
 C/Lieut W. P. Unsworth (1901-02) (photo)
C/Lieut E. R. Kirkpatrick (1902-03) (photo)
 C/Lieut R. Britton (1903-04) (photo)
C/Lieut N. R. Gooderham (1904-05) (photo)
C/Lieut A. Gilmour (1905-06) (photo)
C/Lieut C. S. Morse (1906-07) (photo)
 C/Capt F. J. Mulqueen (1907-08) (photo)
C/Capt H. M. Dawson (1908-09) (photo)
C/Capt W. E. Saunders (1909-10) (photo)
C/Capt R. R. Manning (1910-11) (photo)
C/Capt W. A. Maclean (1911-12) (photo)
C/Capt F. M. Jones (1912-13) (photo)
C/Capt S. B. Pepler (1913-14) (photo)
C/Capt C. N. A. Ireson (1914-15) (photo)
C/Capt H. W. Vacher (1915-16) (photo)
C/Capt H. B. Tarbox (1916-17) (photo)
C/Capt C. W. Sime (1917-18) (photo)
 C/Capt H. H. Hyland (1918-19) (photo)
C/Capt Y. Y. W Brathwaite (1919-20) (photo)
C/Capt B. A. Mulqueen (1920-21) (photo)
C/Capt F. G. Shurly (1921-22) (photo)
C/Capt C. M. King (1922-23) (photo)
C/Capt R. C. Clarkson (1923-24) (photo)
C/Capt A. C. Logie (1924-25) (photo)
C/Capt J. A. D. Craig (1925-26) (photo)
C/Capt A. B. Matthews (later Major General and Chairman of the UCC Board of Governors) (1926-27) (photo)
C/Capt J. G. Macdonnel (1927-28) (photo)
C/Capt F. L. Shipp (1928-29) (photo)
C/Capt P. J. F. Baker (1929-30) (photo)
C/Capt T. A. Schnaufer (1930-31) (photo)
C/Capt D. F. B. Corbett (1931-32) (photo)
C/Capt S. C. Wellington (1932-33) (photo)
 C/Capt J. N. Gordon (1933-34) (photo)
C/Capt G. L. Symmes (1934-35) (photo)
C/Capt J. M. Gifford (1935-36) (photo)
C/Capt J. E. Bone (1936-37) (photo)
C/Capt J. C. Carpenter (1937-38) (photo)
C/Capt N. W. Gooderham (1938-39) (photo)
C/Capt J. B. Lawson (1939-40) (photo)
 C/Lt Col D. H. Simpson (1940-41) (photo)
C/Lt Col D. G. M. Herron (1941-42) (photo)
C/Lt Col W. J. Parry (1942-43) (photo)
 C/Lt Col H. R. Lawson (1943) (photo)
C/Lt Col E. D. G. Farncomb (1943-44) (photo)
 C/Lt Col P. C. Bremmer (1944-45) (photo)
C/Lt Col H. P. Wright (1945-46) (photo)
C/Lt Col W. A. Leckie (1946-47) (photo)
C/Lt Col A. C. Whealy (1947-48) (photo)
 C/Lt Col J. W. Linklater (1948-49) (photo)
 C/Lt Col W. R. Campbell (1949-50) (photo)
C/Lt Col A. W. H. Binnie (1950-51) (photo)
C/Lt Col A. L. McBain (1951-52) (photo)
 C/Lt Col P. S. Lindsay (1952-53) (photo)
C/Lt Col R. I. Cartwright (1953-54) (photo)
C/Lt Col B. A. Bartels (1954-55) (photo)
C/Lt Col A. S. Hutchinson (1955-56) (photo)
C/Lt Col T. G. Bastedo (1956-57) (photo)
C/Lt Col B. C. Matthews (1957-58) (photo)
C/Lt Col W. G. Pedoe (1958-59) (photo)
 C/Lt Col D. M. Walton-Ball (1959-60) (photo)
C/Lt Col F. W. Thorton (1960-61) (photo)
C/Lt Col P. J. Brennan (1961-62) (photo)
 C/Lt Col D. I. Cameron (1962-63) (photo)
C/Lt Col J. A. McCabe (1963-64) (photo)
C/Lt Col F. R. G. Walsh (1964-65) (photo)
C/Lt Col J. M. Schneider (1965-66) (photo)
C/Lt Col N. R. Frost (1966-67) (photo)
 C/Lt Col R. L. McCabe (1967-68) (photo)
 C/Lt Col C. A. Armstrong (1968-69) (photo)
 C/Lt Col F. S. Lazier (1969-70) (photo)
C/Lt Col C. E. B. Taylor (1970-71) (photo)
C/Lt Col J. B. Dalton (1971-72) (photo)
C/Lt Col A. K. Harvie (1972-73) (photo)
 C/Lt Col J. L. Boeckh (1973-74) (photo)
 C/Lt Col P. C. Neal (1974-75) (photo)
C/Capt L. C. Matthews (1975-76)  (photo)
C/Capt G. J. Burton (1976-77) (photo)

C/Capt Robert Zeidler (1977-78)

(photo)

C/Capt Arthur McLean (1978-80)

(photo)

C/Capt Donald Cooper (1980-81)

(photo)

C/Capt Gregory Pun (1981-82)

(photo)

C/Capt Adrian White (1982-83)

(photo)

C/Capt Michael Eklund (1983-84)

(photo)

C/Capt Matthew Bryden (1984-85)

(photo)

C/Capt Thomas Simko (1985)

(photo)

C/Capt Timothy Young (1985-86)

(photo)

C/Capt Daniel O'Dwyer (1986-88)

(photo)

 

Corps Flag

 (photo)

Corps Home

(photo)

 

 

cloth shoulder slip on ca.1895

 

brass shoulder title ca.1900

 

Hat badge ca.1920s

 

Forge cap ca.1916

Collar badges ca.1950s

 

 

Hat badge ca.1950s

 

shoulder title ca1970s

 

History - 

original roots, formed as "Upper Canada Drill Association" Mar 5, 1863. The Corps was officially formed 22 Oct 1886, known as Upper Canada College CC, sponsored by Board of Governors UCC and affiliated with 3rd Bn Queens Own Rifles of Canada. affil.: 2nd (R) Bn Queen's Own Rifles of Canada Nov 13, 1942. Effective 12 Dec 1977 change of designation to Upper Canada College Rifles Cadet Corps. The corps was placed on probation 13 Oct 1983 and removed from probationary status 30 June 1984. The corps was disbanded 15 April 1988.

There is no fixed date for the formation of the UCC Cadets, though beginnings can be traced to a willingness of students to participate in the defence against the 1837 rebellion. Later in the 1800s, in schools throughout England, Canada and the United States, involvement in a military body was thought of to inspire patriotism in young men, as well as being a good method of teaching discipline and obedience. By 1863, UCC students were paraded weekly, in an amateur fashion, under someone known as Major Goodwin, but with the beginning of Fenian troubles in Upper Canada by 1865, UCC students requested that the Cadets form into a company of the Queen's Own Rifles. By 1866, the request was fulfilled, making UCC possibly the second school in Canada to have a proper Cadet Corps (the first being Bishop's College School in Lennoxville, Quebec).

When the Fenians did attack Fort Erie, Ontario, on June 1, 1866 (see Fenian Raids), the UCC Cadets, along with the Bishop's College Cadets, were called to duty, but were instructed only to guard the armouries and official stores. None-the-less, this was the only time in Canadian military history where student Cadet Corps were called to duty.

By the 1890s, there was a lack of enthusiasm for the Cadets. It was an extra expense for a student's family to cover the costs of uniform, weapons, and even their drill instructor. As well, drill and practice time was beyond the commitment to scholastics and sport. Enrolment fluctuated over the next few decades, at one point the school's administration turning its eyes to the school the College had been modeled on, Eton, as well as Harrow, where Cadet participation was compulsory. No real action was taken by UCC in regards to the Cadets, however, by 1910 the population of the company had increased to 63, and in 1912 a Sergeant Carpenter was approached to act as instructor. He was not to last long, as by 1914 he was in Europe as Sergeant-Major in the 9th Battalion of the 1st Canadian Overseas Contingent. Numbers in the UCC Cadets still stayed high during the First World War.

By around 1919, the UCC Cadets finally became compulsory, and principal Grant asked the army district headquarters if the Corps could be presented with Colours, both the King's Colour and College Colour. The College Colour was given by Elanor Gooderham in 1921.

During the war, the Cadets' association with the Queen's Own Rifles had lapsed, and by 1923 two regiments, the Toronto Regiment and Queen's Own Rifles were requesting that the Corps affiliate itself with them. After some dispute between the three parties, the College settled on the Queen's Own again by 1927.

For thirty following years, the Cadets remained an integral part of College life, and by the middle of the Second World War boys were practicing not only drills, but also spent time on lectures, map reading, military law, and signalling.

Still, by the 1960s, due to broader shifts in social paradigms, belief in the Cadets was faltering; religion and patriotism were not held in such high regard by youth, and rebellion was the more accepted behaviour for teenagers. Minutes of the Board of Governors meeting in 1965 recorded, for the first time in sixty years, poor discipline at the battalion parade. Principal Richard Sadlier finally disbanded the Cadet Battalion as a compulsory body in 1976. He noted: "The Battalion has been left with little beyond its ceremonial drill which is a pretty irrelevant exercise to many people today and difficult to defend when it becomes the be-all and end-all of a program."

In 1977, the voluntary Royal Canadian Army Cadets helped organize a course in military science at UCC, which also included battle drill, field craft, weapons training, and some parade-square drill. But, by the mid 1980s, interest in this programme had fallen to a bare minimum, and today UCC provides no formal military training. [1]

(1) Upper Canada College, 1829-1979: Colborne's Legacy; Howard, Richard; Macmillan Company of Canada, 1979

 

UCC Rifles Creed

We are the few. The proud. The UCC Rifles.

There are not many of us.
But there were not many Spartans at
Thermopylae ,
nor many South Wales Borderers at Rorke’s Drift,
nor many Screaming Eagles at
Bastogne .

Yet in each case, a few good men had the will and the skill to change the course of history.
A few well-led men had the determination to face their opponents,
endure hard conditions, and accomplish their mission.

Someday I will find myself in such a situation which requires action,
initiative, decision, discipline, moral or physical courage.
I will remember my training in the UCC Rifles.
I will be the one to say –

FOLLOW ME!  

 

1886-1910s 1920s 1930s 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946
1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956
1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966
1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976
1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986
1987 1988 -